How to prevent head injuries in children?
Childhood head injuries are more common in toddlers and preschool-aged children (3 - 5 years old). However, you can completely limit this risk for children.
Head trauma in young children is a medical condition that requires special attention and there are many causes. In the following article, Huxdu will point out the common causes of a child's head injury, how to handle it when the baby is injured, and preventive measures.
Common causes of head injuries in children
A child's head injury usually occurs after a baby falls or bumps or is hit by a blow to the head. Causes can include:
- Being hit by balls, sticks, hard-textured toys or being hit strongly with walls, doors, tables, chairs, other objects in the house while running and jumping ...
- Falling from above (windows, furniture, trees ...)
- Traffic accidents
- Falling from a bed or hammock
- Parents tossed the baby and dropped the baby on the hand
- Infants have head injuries caused by shaking or shaking too hard
- Was beaten ...
Most head injuries in children are falls. With infants, babies can fall when they fall out of bed / hammock. Toddlers and preschool-aged children often fall when climbing up high (furniture, bookshelves, beds, window frames ...) or fall when trying to go up / down stairs. Meanwhile, the cause of head injuries in older children is often falls while cycling, skateboards, electric balancing vehicles, playing sports ...
Symptoms of a head injury in children
One of the scariest things about a head injury is that you cannot judge the extent of the injury a child has. A baby falling from a short distance usually only causes minor injuries, but can sometimes cause more serious symptoms than falling from a high table or window.
Therefore, accurately assessing the child's injury and identifying abnormalities in the child is very important to protect the child's health. Your baby's injury will be especially serious if:
- Child appears to lose consciousness immediately after head injury
- There is a change in behavior immediately following a head injury, such as becoming irritable, lethargic, showing dementia or loss of balance
- Babies vomit after an injury, which is especially serious if the baby has been vomiting for a long time
- Have a seizure right after the injury or a day later
- Babies cannot close their eyes after an injury
- Baby has other symptoms after head injury such as severe headache, stiff neck, light sensitivity
- Baby has a bleeding nose, ears ...
If you notice that your baby has one of the above symptoms after a fall, you need to take your baby to the hospital for the doctor to assess the situation and get medical attention immediately.
In addition, for children under 6 months old, falling and causing head injury, you should bring your baby to a doctor to ensure the safety of the child even if the child does not have the above symptoms.
Head injuries in children are mild
Fortunately, most head injuries in children from falls are usually mild. As a result, the child will not lose consciousness or have other serious symptoms.
Babies often cry after a fall that causes pain but this quickly passes and the baby is playing again as usual. Therefore, you do not need to take your baby to the hospital for an X-ray or CT scan. Instead, watch your baby at home and give first aid if:
- If your baby bleeds, get proper first aid for the wound
- Apply ice or apply cold, clean water to the swollen scalp for 10 - 15 minutes
- Give your baby a break
- If your baby is talking and complains of pain, you can give him pain relievers such as tylenol or ibuprofen in doses appropriate for their age and weight to relieve mild headaches.
- Observe children for 12 - 24 hours to promptly recognize more severe head injury symptoms for timely intervention. The symptoms may be severe: constant vomiting, severe headache, convulsions, loss of balance or behavior changes, blood flowing from the ears or nose ...
Some common myths about head injury in children with mild form include:
- Children should not go to bed after a minor head injury, is this true?
The fact is that most children with mild head injuries don't have any serious symptoms, so it's okay to let your baby go to bed if it's time to sleep or nap time. However, you should keep an eye on your baby, especially within 24 hours of the injury to make sure he doesn't have any suspicious problems. If your baby sleeps, do not wake him up unless directed by your doctor.
For most babies, if it's time to go to bed and you don't put them in bed, they will become irritable. This will make it more difficult to recognize your child's abnormalities.
- Is the baby's head swollen as big as an egg after a fall is a warning sign of cracking / broken skull?
- If the baby is not unconscious, nothing serious injury is?
If your baby shows signs of loss of consciousness after an injury, he or she is at high risk of having a serious head injury. However, in some cases, despite falling short distances, children are at risk of serious injury even though there is no sign of loss of consciousness.
After your baby is injured, whether or not you take your baby to a medical examination or not, you should also carefully monitor your baby. Seek medical attention if your baby shows any unusual signs.
Measures to prevent head injuries in young children
Young children often try to climb on tables, chairs, stairs, motorbikes, bookshelves or run in a hurry, so they often crash into objects in the house ... This increases the risk of baby injury, especially injury. head. For children who are overactive or have health and mental problems such as cerebral palsy, epilepsy, parents should think about letting their children wear a helmet while playing and using rubber mats in the house.
In fact, it is very difficult to prevent situations that lead to a child's fall. Therefore, to limit your child's injury while playing, cycling, playing sports ..., you should do the following:
- Let children wear helmets, elbow and knee protective gear when cycling, playing skateboard, roller skating ...
- Minimize home hazards that can cause children to fall:
- Install stairs, so that baby cannot climb the stairs without adult supervision
- Install the door guards if there is a big difference in the height of the floor and yard: This will help limit the situation where the baby accidentally falls on the yard when crawling or running and playing ...
- Use non-slip mats in bathrooms or other areas that are easily slippery
- Use a rubber mat in your baby's private living area
- If your baby is of toddler age and uses a walker, you should ensure your child's safety by: Even if your baby is in a walker, you must always keep an eye on them, not let them ride Practice walking in a rough place, with barriers separating the doors, in case the baby pushes the car out, falls into the yard, the alley ...
- When taking your baby out on a motorbike, it is recommended that you wear a helmet (the type intended for young children). If your baby is young, you should not let your baby sit in a separate seat but use a carrier to carry the baby. For older children (3 - 5 years old), you should attach a separate front seat for your child to sit and use a belt to fix the baby on you. In addition, you should have a pillow mounted on the front of the car in case the emergency brake causes the baby to hit the head or chest on the front of the car.
- If your family has a car, you should have a car seat appropriate for your child's age to ensure safety. If your baby has grown up, no need to use a chair, practice for him the habit of always wearing a seat belt when riding ...
HUXDU hopes the article has provided you with useful information about head injuries in young children, how to prevent accidents for children.
Note: Huxdu's writings are for reference only, and are not a substitute for medical diagnosis or treatment.